Kiev (Ukrainian: Kyiv) - an ancient Russian city, capital and largest city of Ukraine, the city-hero. Located on the River Dnieper.
The cathedral is famous for its mosaics and frescos by Byzantine masters that date back to the 11th century. Marvelous frescos decorate walls, pillars and vaults. Inside, the central part of the cathedral is decorated with large mosaic depicting praying Virgin Maria. The mosaic is 6 meters high and consists of stone and glass plates of different colors and hues.
According to legends, Pechersk Lavra was founded in caves looking over the Dnipro River in 1051 by Venerable Anthony. Later, under Venerable Theodosius, a wooden monastery was built. The cave monastery quickly became famous and in the 12th century it attained the status of Lavra (head monastery in Greek). Princes and nobles came here to pray. It was the centre of chronicle writing: chroniclers Nestor, Silvestre and Nikon all worked here. The history of Kyiv would be much less documented without Kyiv-Pechersk Patericon (13th century).
Ukraine was always and still considered to be an agricultural country. The number of people living in villages percentage wise to the urban population - is one of the highest in Europe today. Rural traditions are strong in Ukraine nowadays. Their quintessence - Pirogovo museum near Kiev, which now represents all facets of Ukrainian village life - from proper Ukrainian hata (at home) to the pattern at rushnyk (towel).
The town was founded in 1032 as Yuriev by Yaroslav the Wise, whose Christian name was Yuri. The present name of the city, literally translated, is "White Church" and may refer to the (not longer extant) white-painted cathedral of medieval Yuriev.
For those of you who are mobile we have a suggestion for a one day trip you can manage at any weekend. Sofyivka Park is a perfect place for a family or solitary walk and rest, to relax and enjoy a sunny day.
Kamyanets-Podolsk, one of the oldest cities in Ukraine, is considered a phenomenon of great cultural importance. A rocky island skirted by the tight loop of the Smotrich river flowing in a picturesque canyon, served as a unique piedestal on which over more than a thousand years both well-known and anonymous masters created a miracle in stone. Kamyanets-Podolsk is striking for the harmonious blend of landscape and architecture.
Lviv is known as a center of art, literature, music and theatre. Nowadays, the indisputable evidences of the city cultural richness is the big number of theaters, concert halls, creative units, and also the holding of many art actions. Temples, frescos, paintings, traditions, feasts, festivals, – all these are the heirdom of the past and the product of the present genius, which can be felt only in Lviv.
Poltava is a city in central Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Poltava Oblast, as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Poltavskyi Ragion within the oblast. The city itself is also designated as its own separate ragion within the oblast. The current estimated population is 313,400 (as of 2004). The city lies on the banks of the river Vorskla.
Chernigov is a Ukrainian city on the right bank of the Desna river. It's history dates back to the 7th century. In fact, the first signs of people living in the Chernigov area are traced back to more than 150,000 years ago. The archeologists found numerous artifacts of the Stone Age near contemporary Chernigov: musical instruments made of sea shells and mammoth bones, jugs with patterns that later appeared in ancient Greek and Roman art. There are several legends about the origin of the town's name.